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Colonel Juan Carlos Mariño Morales, second commander and Chief of the Mayor Staff from the 30th Brigade, revealed that the municipalities with highest presence of non conventional explosives are in Abrego, Hacarí, Teorama, Tibú, Convención y El Tarra.
The highest affectation in these rear areas with guerrilla presence, because as the same Manuel Marulanda said, “the mines are our best sentinels”, and for the Army really is our silent enemy, reminded the Officer, warning that the illegal armed groups haven´t left the use of mines as well as other handmade artifacts as bomb cylinders, even though there is a call at a world level that has been done to eradicate its use, including war times, due to the serious damage they cause.
Contrary to this the officer revealed that even the guerrilla counts with workshops for their elaboration. “The same guerrilla men experts in explosives are victims of their actions. The antipersonnel mines are not made to kill, but to mutilate, and to frighten the troops”, pointed.
Since the start of the eradication process of illicit crops also grew the list of these weapons, the peasants’ eradicators and the Government against this activity.
The problem of our country is so, that after Afghanistan we are the country with the highest amount of victims in the world; in the year 2010 had 512 victims of antipersonnel mines; since 1990 till February of 2011, 9.133 persons have been victims of this problem, from those 870 were minors, 3.408 civilians and 5.725 military men; in this year 71 people have been victims.
The Colonel emphasized that the demining labor is continue and every day more technical. In 2010 achieved to deactivate and destroy in the Norte de Santander 800 units of these explosive materials.
“The Army counts with its specialized groups as the Explosions and Demolitions Group (EXDE), in charge precisely of this large labor, and that counts with top technology for even the adaptation for avoiding that the producers of these mines to make them in order to be detected”, pointed.
Just in Norte de Santander in the year 2010, died by mines 20 military men from the Army and 49 wounded and two civilians.
The big part of the affected is made up by members of the public force. According to the statistics of the Presidential Program for the integral action against Antipersonnel Mines (PAICMA), between the years 1999 and 2010 resulted affected in all the country, 9.133 persons from which 5.725 were military men.
Norte de Santander figures as the fifth department with highest incidence of events by antipersonnel mines. Antioquia, Meta, Caquetá, Bolivar, Nariño and Arauca, are the other departments were more people fall victims of these explosives.